Antique Ethiopian Coptic Cross Pattée (E330ZCE)



This simple but elegant Coptic Cross displays a commonly used tradition of including a circle surmounted on a Latin cross based on the Egyptian ankh set on a variation of a Cross Pattée with flaring arms. This unassuming yet striking pendant is heavy and large with a massive presence that is softened by its smooth surface and simple elegance.


Each Coptic cross is one of several variants of a Christian cross associated with the Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa. African metalwork crosses of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria were a foundation for Ethiopian Cross designs and symbolism. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church historically assimilated into their art pre-Christian cross symbols and imparted its own meanings. The Christian cross with a circular shape on top was influenced by the pagan Egyptian round ankh representing the sun god and eternal life granted by the gods to the ancient Egyptians, while to the  Copts the circle symbolized Christ’s halo, divinity and God’s everlasting love brought to man by the sacrifice of Christ on the cross and his resurrection. The circle was placed on the horizontal arms of the equal-armed Latin Cross (Christian cross) or, as here, a Cross Pattée with flaring arms that narrow towards the center and expand wider to strait or rounded ends. Prior to the 20th-century, pendant crosses were often made in small villages by skilled local metal smiths that were simpler, yet strikingly beautiful and powerful with a warm patina. Made using the lost wax technique from coin-silver with an attached suspension loop, this African jewelry cross is a one-of-a-kind. The necklace chain is not included.

For information and bibliographic citations click here for the blog The Evolution and Brilliance of Ethiopian Crosses



Additional information

Place of Origin



Antique (1200-1920)


19th Century

Materials and Technique

Coin silver

Dimensions (inches)

Ht: 2.625" W: 1.50"

Dimensions (metric)

Ht: 6.79cm W: 3.81cm



Weight Metric

19.88 gr


Excellent, fine patina demonstrating age and use

Item Number


Shipping Box Size